Organic beta-cyclodextrin Nanoparticle: An Efficient Building Block Between Functionalized Poly(pyrrole) Electrodes and Enzymes

Glyconanoparticles (GNPs) made by self-assembly of carbohydrate-based polystyrene-block-beta-cyclodextrin copolymer are used as a building block for the design of nanostructured biomaterials of electrode. The firm immobilization of GNPs is carried out on electrochemically generated polymer, poly(pyrrole-adamantane), and copolymer, poly(pyrrole-adamantane)/poly(pyrrole-lactobionamide) via host-guest interactions between adamantane and beta-cyclodextrin. The ability of GNPs for the specific anchoring of biological macromolecules is investigated using glucose oxidase enzyme modified by adamantane groups as a protein model (GOx-Ad). The immobilization of GOx-Ad is carried out by incubation of an aqueous enzyme solution on a coating of GNPs adsorbed on a platinum electrode. The presence of immobilized GOx-Ad is evaluated in aqueous glucose solution by potentiostating the underlying platinum electrode at 0.7 V/SCE for the electro-oxidation of H2 O2 generated by the enzyme. The analytical performance of the bioelectrodes for the detection of glucose is compared to control electrodes prepared without GNPs or without electropolymerized films. The better permeability of copolymer compared to polymer and the possibility to elaborate two alternating layers of GNPs and GOx-Ad are clearly observed. The best amperometric response is recorded with a multilayered bioelectrode displaying a wide linear range linear range of the calibration curve: 68 micromol L(-1) to 0.1 mol L(-1) .

Références

Titre
Organic beta-cyclodextrin Nanoparticle: An Efficient Building Block Between Functionalized Poly(pyrrole) Electrodes and Enzymes
Type de publication
Article de revue
Année de publication
2022
Revue
Small
Start Page
e2105880
ISSN
1613-6829
Soumis le 12 janvier 2022